Hip Replacement Surgery
Being performed for many years, hip replacement surgery is one of the most common operations that successfully restore normal bone functionality. Doctors of Bonifatius hospital perform all kinds of hip replacement and can help you, as well. Discover the peculiarities of the procedure and find out why patients from all over the world choose our medical center.
What is hip replacement operation?
His is the largest joint in human body that consists of a ball and a socket. The surface of bones is covered with cartilage – a cushion that absorbs pressure and load on bones and helps them to move easily. Synovial membrane lubricates the cartilage and suppresses friction during movement. Ligaments are the tissue that connects the ball with the socket and ensures stability. If the cartilage lacks lubrication and is damaged, it starts weakening and joint space decreases leading to pressure and friction in bones causing pain. Procedure for hip replacement is done to remove damage bones and put artificial implant instead to restore normal function of the hip.
When is it done?
There can be many reasons for hip replacement:
- Osteoarthritis is wearing of cartilage and bones that occurs in people older than 50. The bones start rubbing against each other which triggers stiffness and pain. This condition is sometimes caused by minor irregularities in hip development during childhood.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition when the synovial membrane thickens and develops an inflammation that leads to pain and stiffness.
- Post-traumatic arthritis is conditioned by fractures and traumas. It leads to unpleasant sensations with the time.
- Avascular necrosis happens when there’s not enough blood supply to the femoral head. Lack of blood leads to rupture of bones and rupture.
- Hip disease in children happen eventually, if the hip grows abnormally and joints are affected.
Hip replacement symptoms
How can one know that it’s time to go through the operation? Hip replacements should be done when:
- a person cannot walk or bend the joint because of pain;
- pain lasts during night or day;
- a person cannot light the leg because of stiffness;
- non-surgical treatment does not bring considerable relief.
Hip replacement surgery procedure can be done traditionally or with the newest minimally-invasive approach. The procedures differ in the size of incision made. Before the procedure, a patient is given general anesthesia to relax muscles and make the person sleep without feeling pain.
The doctor makes a cut along the hip ad moves the muscles on the top of the thighbone to get access to the hip joint. The ball of the joint is removed after the thighbone is cut with a saw. Then the artificial joint is installed in the thighbone and fixed with cement or a special material for attachment of bone. The doctor can perform metal, plastic or ceramic hip replacement. The material for hip replacement implants should be chosen individually.
Half hip replacement is considered to be a better option, because the bone will regenerate faster and more successfully. However, this is not always possible – sometimes tissues are so badly damaged taht only full hip replacement can help to solve the problem.
After the operation, the patient will need to stay in the hospital for several days. To protect the joint during hip replacement recovery, the patient may be given a foam pillow put between his legs. Pain after surgery is okay, and it can be helped with pain killers for a short term. Note that opioids should be replaced with alternative medications instead.
It is important to sustain normal activity after the surgery to accelerate recovery. Patients usually can start walking and standing with a walking support 1-2 days after the surgery. You should perform hip replacement exercises to boost hip strength and restore normal movement of leg.
Note that it’s important to make frequent deep breaths after the surgery, because patients usually have shallow breathing because of anesthesia, pain killers and constant lying. Shallow breathing can lead to lung collapse and pneumonia. You can ask the nurse to bring a spirometer – breathing apparatus that stimulates deep breathing.
Why Bonifatius hospital?
Want to find a clinic where you can get a consistent level of service together with a reasonable cost of hip replacement surgery? Bonifatius hospital is exactly what you need!
We provide multi-disciplinary approach and use innovative techniques and methods in our work. Our clinic is equipped with state-of-art devices and technologies to make treatment maximally safe and efficient. Bonifatius hospital is located in Lingen, a small peaceful German town where you can go through treatment without stress. Contact us via phone or email.