Herniated Disc Surgery

Spine disc hernia is one of the most common reasons for spine pain, and herniated disc surgery is the only way to deal with it. Where to go through this procedure safely and without devastating expenses? Bonifatius hospital is the right place. Discover the benefits of our clinic and read about our approach.

What is a surgery for herniated disc?

Between the bones of the spine, we have discs that absorb shock and serves as a cushion for our bones. When a disc develops a hernia, it starts pushing on the spinal cord and nerves causing pain. Most often, a herniated disc occurs in the lower part of the spine, but sometimes can also affect neck and anywhere along the spine.

A back surgery for herniated disc is performed when non-invasive treatment options (steroid medications, exercise, anti-inflammatory drugs, and therapies) do not help within 4-6 weeks. An operation helps to relieve and eliminate symptoms such as pain in legs and arms, or pain in shoulders, neck and arms (with neck disc hernias).

When it should be done?

A back surgery on herniated disc is done in cases when:

  • A person has severe pain that affects everyday activities and functions (walking, standing).
  • Progressive neurological symptoms such as numbness or leg weakness develop.
  • When there’s bowel or bladder dysfunction.
  • When medications and therapies do not ease symptoms considerably.

A lower back or cervical herniated disc surgery will eliminate the cause of pain, and usually helps in majority of cases.

Types of surgery

There are three mains kinds of herniated disc replacement surgery performed in Bonifatius hospital. The choice of approach depends on the complexity of condition.


The surgeon makes a cut in the lamina to relieve pressure on nerves. This is a microsurgery for herniated disc: the incision will be small, and the surgeon will use a microscope to see the spine. If necessary, a part or the entire lamina will be cut out.


Diskectomy is the most widespread operation for a herniated disc. In this case, a part of the disc causing nerve root compression is removed. The surgeon makes an incision in person’s neck or spine and accesses the herniated disc to remove or repair its part (sometimes the whole disc is removed). Minimally invasive herniated disc surgery can also be done in this case (it’s called microdiskectomy). This operation can be performed on an outpatient basis.

Artificial Disk Surgery

A patient gets general anesthesia and lies on his spine or side. The surgeon makes an incision in patient’s abdomen and replaces a damaged disc with an artificial disc made of plastic and metal. As a rule, the surgery is made only on one disc only, if the lower back is damaged. After that, a patient has to stay in the hospital for a few days. This approach is not suitable, if a patient has osteoporosis or arthritis, or degeneration of several spine discs. It is not widely used for herniated disc neck surgery.

Spinal Fusion

During this operation, two, three or more vertebrae are fused together. To perform this type of spinal disc herniation surgery, the doctor needs to get a bone graft from patient’s body or donor’s body. Besides, metal or plastic elements can be used to ensure better support. These components serve to immobilize the affected portion of the spine permanently.

Side effects

Surgeons of the Bonifatius Hospital do their best to reduce the risk of herniated disc surgery complications. However, as in any operation, such outcomes as infection, bleeding or nerve damage can take place. Besides, if a patient faces degenerative disc disease, a hernia can develop in other discs.

When a spinal fusion surgery is performed, a person may experience some stiffness in the spine, but this is a temporary condition in most cases. It’s important to follow doctor’s recommendations and instructions. Sometimes physical therapy should be used, and a patient can resume normal physical activity after several weeks or months. Individual prognosis for herniated disc surgery recovery depends on the peculiarities of the surgery, general state of health and age.

Why patients choose Bonifatius Hospital?

The doctors in Bonifatius Hospital can perform minimally invasive and laser surgery for herniated disc. We have experienced and qualified specialists who constantly improve their skills and treatment methods. The center has state-of-art equipment and modern devices to perform even the most sophisticated surgeries.

Bonifatius Hospital is located in Lingen, Germany, so the cost of trip and accommodation is agreeable. If you want to become our patient, contact us via phone or email, and we will arrange your treatment and answer all questions.