Congenital or acquired

In a healthy person there is a balance between the production and absorption of the brain water. In the case of hydrocephalus, more cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced than can be absorbed which causes cerebral chambers enlargement. There are many causes of an imbalance in hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus may be congenital or acquired.

There are two methods of hydrocephalus treatment. In the case of shunt surgery, the superfluous spinal fluid is conducted from the head into the abdomen or into the heart via a small tube, which like a pipeline goes under the skin. The second option is an endoscopic operation, in which the circulation seal is opened or a bypass circuit is created.